Advantages and Disadvantages of Closed Loop Control System?


  • Closed loop control systems are more accurate even in the presence of non-linearities
  • The sensitivity of the system may be made small to make the system more stable
  • The closed loop systems are less affected by noise.


  • Closed loop control systems are costlier and complex
  • The feedback in the closed loop system may lead to oscillatory response
  • The feedback reduces the overall gain of the system
  • Stability is the major problem in the closed loop system and more care is needed to design a stable closed loop system.

Control system in which the output has an effect on the input quantity in such a manner that the input quantity will adjust itself based on the output generated is called Closed loop Control System.

Open loop control system can be modified in to closed loop control system by providing a feedback. This feedback automatically corrects the changes in the output due to external disturbance.

Hence closed loop control system is called automatic control system.


A closed-loop control system is a type of control system in which the output has an effect on the input in such a manner as to maintain the desired output values. It uses feedback to reduce errors and increase the accuracy of the system.

Below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of closed-loop control systems.

Advantages of Closed-loop control system

  1. Accuracy: Closed-loop systems are generally more accurate than open-loop systems due to their ability to self-correct. Feedback allows the system to automatically adjust to changes in the input or disturbances in the system.
  2. Noise Reduction: Because of the feedback loop, closed-loop systems can reject noise and other external disturbances that can affect system performance.
  3. Stability: These systems can compensate for changes in system parameters over time, making them more stable than open-loop systems.
  4. Reduced Effects of Nonlinearity: Closed-loop systems can often cope better with non-linearities in the system or the input signal.
  5. Improved Bandwidth: The bandwidth of the system can be increased by using suitable compensation methods.

Disadvantages of Closed-loop control system

  1. Complexity: Due to the need for feedback and often complex control algorithms, these systems can be more complex and thus harder to design and implement than open-loop systems.
  2. Stability Issues: If not correctly designed or tuned, a closed-loop system can become unstable, potentially leading to oscillation or other undesirable behaviors.
  3. Cost: The added complexity often means that these systems are more expensive to build and maintain.
  4. Speed: The processing time for the feedback and control algorithms can result in slower system response than in an open-loop system.
  5. Sensitivity: While closed-loop systems can reject disturbances, they can also be sensitive to feedback path failures or inaccuracies in the feedback mechanism.

As with any engineering decision, the choice between a closed-loop system and an open-loop system will depend on the specific requirements of the application, including considerations of cost, complexity, accuracy, and system response times.