British Standard Pipe (BSP) and BSPT (tapered) connections are comparable to NPT, except most sizes have a different thread pitch, plus the OD’s and thread form are close, but not the same.
Sealing takes place by distortion of the threads. Because of this, thread sealants are recommended when securing these connections.
BSPP (parallel) male connection is comparable to NPSM male except most sizes have a different thread pitch. A captive seal is made using metal to metal angled surfaces or a combination of metal to metal and an O-ring. This type of connection is very similar (but not interchangeable) with the American NPSM male. The female swivel BSPP has a tapered nose flareless swivel where the seal occurs on the cone seat of the male connector.
Note: the thread sizes are often expressed as fractional dimensions preceeded by the letters “G” or “R”, where “G” represents a parallel thread and “R” represents a tapered thread. Example: BSPT 5/8-14 can be designated by R 5/8 and BSP 1/16-28 can be designated by G 1/16.