How to Calculate the Cv of Control Valve?

The coefficient of variation (CV) of a control valve is a measure of its flow capacity variability in relation to its mean flow capacity. It is expressed as a percentage and helps to quantify how well the valve can maintain a consistent flow rate under different conditions.

The formula to calculate the CV of a control valve is as follows:

CV = (Cv / Qm) × 100

CV = Coefficient of Variation (in percentage)
Cv = Valve Flow Coefficient (a dimensionless value)
Qm = Mean Flow Capacity of the valve (in a specified unit, e.g., gallons per minute or cubic meters per hour)

How to Calculate the CV of Control Valve?

Here are the steps to calculate the CV of a control valve:

Step 1: Determine the Valve Flow Coefficient (Cv)

The valve flow coefficient (Cv) is a parameter that represents the flow capacity of the valve. It is usually provided by the valve manufacturer and can be found in the valve’s technical specifications. The Cv value is determined experimentally and depends on the valve size, design, and pressure drop across the valve.

Step 2: Measure or Calculate the Mean Flow Capacity (Qm)

The mean flow capacity (Qm) is the average flow rate that the control valve is expected to handle in its operating conditions. You can determine this value based on the application requirements, process conditions, and system design. For example, if the control valve is used in a water supply system, the mean flow capacity can be the average water flow rate required in the system.

Step 3: Calculate the Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Once you have the Cv and Qm values, you can use the formula mentioned above to calculate the Coefficient of Variation (CV). Remember to ensure that the units of Cv and Qm match, as this will affect the unit of the CV result.


Let’s assume the valve manufacturer provides a Cv value of 50 for the control valve, and the mean flow capacity required for the application is 100 gallons per minute (GPM).

CV = (50 / 100) × 100
CV = 50%

In this example, the Coefficient of Variation (CV) for the control valve is 50%.

Keep in mind that the CV is just one of the factors to consider when selecting a control valve for a specific application. Other factors, such as pressure drop, valve type, flow characteristic, and process conditions, should also be taken into account to ensure the valve meets the system’s requirements effectively. If you are unsure or need more precise information for your specific case, it’s best to consult with valve manufacturers or control valve experts.