Properties of X-rays

A general summary of the properties of X-rays is presented below:

  • Invisible.
  • Propagate with velocity of light (3.10^8 m/s).
  • Unaffected by electrical and magnetic fields.
  • Differentially absorbed in passing through matter of varying composition, density and thickness.
  • Reflected, diffracted, refracted and polarized.
  • Capable of ionizing gases.
  • Capable of affecting electrical properties of solids and liquids.
  • Capable of blackening a photographic plate.
  • Able to liberate photo electron. And recoils electrons.
  • Emitted in a continuous spectrum.
  • Emitted also with a line spectrum characteristic of the chemical element.
  • Found to have absorption spectra characteristic of the chemical element.