What is the position of rotor at standstill?

Consider the case that the rotor is stationary and the stator winding is connected to a single-phase supply. The alternating flux produced by the stator winding can be presented as the sum of two rotating fluxes 1 and 2, each equal to one half of the maximum value of alternating flux and each rotating at synchronous speed (Ns = 120 f/P) in opposite directions.

At standstill, these two torques are equal and opposite and the net torque developed is zero. Therefore, single-phase induction motor is not self-starting.